In the winter of 2015, Russian hackers allegedly infiltrated the power grid, knocking out power in parts of Ukraine. Is India prepared to defend its critical infrastructure from cyber-attacks?
In the fiscal year 2021, over 3.8 thousand government services in India were supplied via the internet, according to Statista, a business and consumer data source. The value of digital payments in India will nearly quadruple from $300 billion in FY21 to over $1 trillion in FY26, according to a CLSA analysis.
India will have 1 billion smartphone users by 2026, according to a Deloitte report. The country had 1.2 billion mobile subscribers in 2021, with 750 million using smartphones. As of January 2021, India had 448 million social media users. According to the DBS Digital Readiness study from 2021, almost 62 percent of India's major and middle-market businesses are still in the early stages of digital transformation.
India has just risen to tenth place in the United Nations' ITU Global Cybersecurity Agenda (GCA) country list. It used to be ranked 47. A number of things could have caused the increase.
Since the country's digital revolution began in 2015, India has come a long way in terms of increasing the number of internet users. In recent years, cyber security capabilities have become a national power for India as a result of approaches taken by various bodies such as the Cyber Emergency Response Team collaborating with private players to improve cyber security status ranging from skilling professionals to adopting new ways to protect databases. Cyberspace is expected to expand considerably more in the coming year.
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The Indian government is also looking forward to the National Cyber Security Strategy, which would improve cyber security and awareness. Computer attacks may have increased as a result of the covid outbreak, as well as ongoing cyber-attacks.
India witnessed a threefold increase in cybersecurity-related occurrences in 2020 compared to 2019, according to data from the Computer Emergency Response Team, with 1.16 million breaches detected. The number of breaches is expected to increase in 2021 and 2022. Between June 2021 and June 2022, there were 6,07,220 cybersecurity breaches documented, according to government sources.
India has become a large pool of digitally vulnerable prey, with over 1.15 billion phones and over 700 million internet users. By increasing people's dependency on digital tools, the epidemic has further exacerbated the situation. In everything from payments to e-commerce to WFH, the epidemic drove a greater use of networked gadgets and hybrid work networks. As a result, the huge and rapid growth of digital assets has expanded the surface area available for cyber-attacks by malicious actors and adversaries. The recent spate of attacks on electrical infrastructure and financial institutions should serve as a stark reminder of the real possibility of potentially catastrophic future events.
Cyber hazards include malware, viruses, Trojans, and spyware, to name a few. Backdoors, which allow remote access, DDoS (Distributed Denial of Service), which floods servers and networks, rendering them unusable, and DNS poisoning attacks, which corrupt DNS and redirect websites to malicious sites, are among the others.
The fact that cybersecurity legislation is constantly changing is one of the most challenging topics for legislators to overcome. Politicians face numerous barriers in formulating meaningful policies, whether it's the issue of foreign-made equipment and software or the terabytes of data held on servers outside India. In addition, the race to digitize almost every industry has led in greater collaborations with application service providers. This is done in order to provide the best apps and services to clients in the quickest amount of time possible, but due diligence is frequently overlooked in the process. Furthermore, much of the infrastructure that must be brought under the law is held by the private sector, making it difficult for legislators to enact legislation that ensures the security of the digital environment.
In any firm, a network security engineer is a critical position. This person is responsible for ensuring that the organization's security mechanisms are in place to detect and prevent threats. They are primarily responsible for maintaining systems, identifying vulnerabilities, and increasing automation. Firewalls, routers, switches, network monitoring software, and VPNs are all under their control (virtual private networks).
A network security engineer's annual compensation might range from Rs 4 lakhs to Rs 8 lakhs.
Security controls and procedures are planned, implemented, and upgraded with the help of a cyber security analyst. To ensure that there are no security problems, they regularly monitor security access and undertake internal and external security audits. Vulnerability testing, risk analysis, and security assessments, as well as network administration, are all responsibilities of a cyber security analyst. Additionally, the analyst educates coworkers on security awareness and procedures so that they are aware of the best practices for avoiding security breaches.
The starting salary for a cyber security analyst is Rs 6 lakhs per year.
The network and computer security architecture of a corporation is created by a security architect. The security architect helps with security feature planning, research, and design. Without a security architect, a company's security system is exposed to attacks. Before cooperating with the programming team to build the final structure, the security architect creates a design based on the company's requirements. They also create firm policies and methods for how their company's employees should use security systems, as well as decide on disciplinary action in the event of violations.
A security architect's starting salary is Rs 17 lakhs per year.
Cyber security managers are in charge of ensuring that the company's security policies are followed. For diverse projects, they design strategies to increase network and Internet security and supervise a team of IT specialists to ensure the highest levels of data protection. A cyber security manager should also review existing security policies on a regular basis to ensure that they are up to date and reflect new threats. They also conduct frequent security audits on all servers, switches, routers, and other connected devices to verify there are no security problems.
The average yearly salary for a cyber security manager is Rs 12 lakhs.
The most powerful cyber countries in the world, according to the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard's Kennedy School, are:
1. United States
3. United Kingdom
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